Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/54484

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Cetacea
Family:Balaenidae
Genus:Eubalaena
Genus species:Eubalaena australis

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:5-18 m
Weight:50-56 metric tons
Identification:The southern right whale has black skin with white patches on its chin and belly. The head and jaw are usually covered with large skin callosities of parasites (barnacles, worms, and whale lice).
Habitat:Temperate oceans
Diet:Carnivore: copepods, krill
Reproduction:After a gestation period of 10-11 months, calves are born in late spring or early summer. Weaning occurs at one year of age.
Right whales travel in pods of 2-9 animals.
Behavior:While traveling, right whales breech relatively often. They feed by using the baleen plates hanging from the roof of their mouths. When a whale opens its mouth, water with tiny organisms flows in. As the whale closes its mouth, the water is strained through the baleen plates, collecting food particles on their many bristles.
Status:Endangered
Interesting Facts:The name 'right whale' comes from the fact that hunters saw it as the right whale to hunt: it swims slowly, floats when killed for easy collection, and has a lot of oil and baleen.

Other Information

Geographic:Temperate ocean waters of both hemispheres Date:1976-01 Subjects:Baleen whale
Southern right whale
sea mammal
Eubalaena
Right whales
Baleen whales
Whales
Cetacea
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Marine mammals
Marine animals