Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/54450

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Sphenisciformes
Family:Spheniscidae
Genus:Spheniscus
Genus species:Spheniscus mendiculus

Animal Characteristics

Height:21-23 cm
Identification:The forehead, crown, sides of the head, and throat of the Galapagos penguin are brownish-black. It has a narrow white line running from the eyes to the throat. During its breeding season, the penguin has a bare pink area at the base of the bill and eye. Its upper parts and tail are brownish-black, chin and underparts are white with black spots on breast, and it has two black bands across its upper chest.
Habitat:Lowlands of volcanic coastal desert
Diet:Carnivore: fish, crustaceans
Reproduction:Galapagos penguins are nonannual breeders. Eggs can be laid year-round, the exact timing of which is determined by the temperature of the surrounding sea surface; however, there is a peak in breeding June through September and December through March. They nest in loose colonies. Both parents help to incubate their two eggs for 38-40 days. The chicks fledge when they are 60-65 days old.
Status:No special status

Other Information

Geographic:Galapagos Islands Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Galapagos penguin
flightless seabird
Spheniscus
Penguins
Birds
Water birds
Shore birds
Sea birds
Vertebrates
Chordata