Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/54416

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Diprotondontia
Family:Phascolarctidae
Genus:Phascolarctos
Genus species:Phascolarctos cinereus

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:60-85 cm (largest in southern regions)
Weight:5-12 kg
Identification:The koala has a gray to tawny coat. It has white patches on its chin, chest, forelimbs, and rump.
Habitat:Eucalypt forests below 600m in elevation
Diet:Herbivore: vast majority of the diet is the leaves of a few eucalypt species. They will regularly eat soil to aid in digestion.
Reproduction:The breeding season is during the summer months. Gestation is 34-36 days with one young born at a time. Offspring are weaned at five months. Koalas can live up to 13 years.
Behavior:Koalas are primarily arboreal and can sleep up to 18 hours a day. Their populations can grow extremely quickly and must be carefully managed.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The koala, like all marsupials, has a pouch that holds the young when first born. However, a koala's pouch faces backwards. Koalas suffer from a fungal disease, cryptococcosis, that causes lesions and abscesses in the lungs, joints, and brain; this disease is zoonotic, meaning it can be spread to humans.

Other Information

Geographic:Eastern Australia Date:1974-12 Subjects:Koala
marsupial
Phascolarctos
Phascolarctidae
Diprotodontia
Marsupials
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata