Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/54364

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Phasmida
Family:Phasmatidae
Genus:Leprocaulinus
Genus species:Leprocaulinus vipera

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:5-30 cm
Identification:Walking sticks have stick-like bodies, spindly legs and are green gray or brown in color.
Habitat:Tropical areas and forests, usually in trees or bushes
Diet:Herbivore: leaves and stems of plants, some species eat only one type of plant where others will eat many different types.
Reproduction:There are two forms of reproduction amongst stick insects. The first is that in some species all the insects are female and a special process allows the eggs to develop without fertilization from a male. The second is that there are both female and male insects and once they have matured they are able to mate and produce offspring. Eggs are deposited in the cracks of bark, on leaves or simply dropped on the ground. As many as 200 eggs can be laid by one female.
At times, stick insects will gather in large groups called swarms.
Behavior:Stick insects use camouflage and stay hidden to avoid being eaten by predators. They are most active during the night and spend the day light hours sitting motionless in trees and bushes.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:It has been shown that walking sticks have the ability to gain or lose wings through the process of evolution. Walking sticks have the ability to regenerate lost legs. In some species, they have special muscles to sever their own legs if attacked, leaving the predator with a scrawny leg and not the real prize of the walking stick. Some species also have the ability to change color if they need to.

Other Information

Geographic:Africa
Asia
South America
North America
Australia
Europe
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Stick insect
Stick insects
Phasmatoptera
Insects
Arthropoda
Invertebrates