Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/54001

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Family:Phocidae
Genus:Phoca
Genus species:Phoca vitulina

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:152-182 cm
Weight:113 kg
Identification:The harbor seal is light gray or brown in color with black or lighter-colored spots.
Habitat:Coasts near river inlets
Diet:Carnivore: fish, cephalopods, crustaceans
Reproduction:Females give birth to a single calf from late April to mid-June. For the first week of its life, the calf rides its mothers back. At 30 days of age, the calf is weaned and its mother will mate soon afterwards. Gestation lasts 11 months. Harbor seals may live as long as 25 years.
Harbor seals form large, unstable groups.
Behavior:Harbor seals are very curious animals and are also very friendly to humans.
Status:Endangered: marine pollution, hunting
Interesting Facts:Harbor seals can be differentiated from sea lions by several factors, including that they do not have external ears and cannot walk on their fore or hind limbs (rather, they inch along on their bellies).

Other Information

Geographic:Europe
Northern North America
Western North America
Date:1962-09 Subjects:Harbor seal
sea mammal
Common seal
Phoca
Phocidae
Seals (Animals)
Pinnipedia
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Coastal animals