Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53864

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Family:Ursidae
Genus:Ursus
Genus species:Ursus americanus

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:130-190 cm
Weight:male: 60-300 kg, female: 40-80 kg
Identification:American black bears are primarily black, but they may be brown, cinnamon, pale blue, or white. A white patch on the chest is also common.
Habitat:Forests, tundra
Diet:Omnivore: insects, nuts, berries, acorns, grass, roots, young deer
Reproduction:Black bears mate in June, July, or August. After a gestation period of 220 days, females give birth to 1-4 cubs in a den. The cubs are weaned when they are 6-8 months old but will not leave their mother until they are 1-1.5 years of age. Most bears live for 20-25 years.
With the exception of a female with her cubs, black bears spend most of their time alone.
Behavior:Female bears may remain in the same vicinity as their mothers. Males are forced to disperse.
Status:No special status although some subspecies are rare
Interesting Facts:Due to their low reproductive rates, black bears can only sustain a very low rate (0-5 percent) of additional unnatural deaths; each bear killed by man is extremely devastating.

Other Information

Geographic:North America Date:1958-1988 Subjects:American black bear
Black bear
Ursus
Bears
Carnivora
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Predatory animals