Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53778

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Pelecaniformes
Family:Pelecanidae
Genus:Pelecanus
Genus species:Pelecanus occidentalis

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:127 cm
Identification:The brown pelican has a dark brown body, a long flat bill, and a whitish head with a dark brown hind-neck during breeding season.
Habitat:Coasts, oceans
Diet:Carnivore: fish
Reproduction:Nests are built in trees or on the ground. Each pair lays 2-3 eggs with both parents helping to incubate them for 28-30 days. The chicks can fly when they are 9-12 weeks old. Brown pelicans have one brood each year.
Brown pelicans remain in flocks while away from the breeding grounds. They forage and rest together, and what one does they all do.
Behavior:Brown pelicans are often seen diving into the water from as high as 15 meters, cushioning the impact with the air sacs on the front of their bodies. As they fly over water, they often form single file lines.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The brown pelican is the smallest pelican species and the only one that is not white. They have a wingspan of 6.5 feet.

Other Information

Geographic:Southern North America
South America
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Brown pelican
gull-like bird
Pelicans
Pelecaniformes
Birds
Vertebrates
Chordata