Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53757

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Cervidae
Genus:Odocoilenaus
Genus species:Odocoilenaus virginianus

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:1.5-2 m
Weight:41-136 kg
Identification:The summer coat of the white-tailed deer is either tan or brown. In the winter it becomes more gray. The throat, eyes, nose, stomach, and underside of this deer's tail are all white. The males have antlers that are shed annually. The females are rarely found with antlers.
Habitat:Forests and agricultural areas
Diet:Herbivore: green grass, corn, acorns, nuts, twigs, lichens, fungi
Reproduction:Northern populations of white-tailed deer mate in November; southern populations mate in January and February. Gestation lasts six months, after which 1-3 fawns are born (older females usually have more offspring). Fawns are weaned at four months of age.
Does with fawns often form family groups while females without young remain solitary. Bucks stay in bachelor herds outside of the breeding season.
Behavior:The white-tailed deer is a shy, secretive, and usually elusive animal. From its very first moments in life a deer learns to hide and be elusive. In the winter they will congregate in areas with decreased snow pack, such as streambeds, ponds, and under conifer trees. White-tailed deer spend time playing, where fawns and adults partake in the chasing, racing, and jumping around.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The most important predator of the white-tailed deer is the domestic dog. In some states such as Connecticut, the number of deer killed by car-deer collisions exceeded the number of deer taken from legal hunting methods.

Other Information

Geographic:Central North America
Southern North America
Northern South America
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:White-tailed deer
even-toed ungulate
Odocoileus
Deer
Cervidae
Ruminants
Artiodactyla
Ungulates
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata