Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53750

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Cervidae
Genus:Cervus
Genus species:Cervus canadensis

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:1.5-2.5 m
Height:130-152 cm
Weight:240-454 kg
Identification:Elk have branched antlers, a light bay summer coat, and a darker coat with gray underparts in the winter. The males have a longer mane around their neck during the rut.
Habitat:Open deciduous forests, mountains, plains, moorland
Diet:Herbivore: grass, heather, leaves, buds
Reproduction:The breeding season, or rut, takes place during the fall. Gestation lasts 249-262 days. Usually only one calf is born, but on rare occasions a female may have twins.
During the breeding season, elk form mixed herds of males and females. For the rest of the year, herds contain only males.
Behavior:Elk are most active in the morning, late afternoon, and evening.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The elk is conspecific with the Europe's red deer (Cervus elaphus).

Other Information

Geographic:Western North America
Asia to Western China
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:even-toed ungulate
Elk Wapiti
Elk
Red deer
Cervus
Deer
Cervidae
Ruminants
Artiodactyla
Ungulates
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata