Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53626 Description:Scientific Classification:Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Testudines
Family:Testudinidae
Genus:Manouria
Genus species:Manouria emys
Animal characteristics:Head-Body Length: 60 cm
Weight:100 lbs
Identification:The Burmese brown mountain tortoise's carapace usually is light to dark brown in color. The pectoral scutes extend halfway to midline of plastron and there is moderate flaring of marginal scutes. Additionally the costal scutes have shallow concavities.
or larger in shell length
Habitat:Forest: moist broadlead forests that are influenced by monsoon rains.
Diet:Herbivore: dark leafy greens and fruits, occassionally carrion
Reproduction:Most reproductive data has been taken from captive data. Captive data shows that females breed once per year in March to April. Females exibited a pacing behavior a few days prior to nesting as well as vasting. The female then collects nesting materials and begins to build her nest on the ground. The female lays up to 51 eggs in one hour. Once all eggs have been layed, she covers the egg cavity and continues to build the nesting mound higher. She then begins an aggressive guarding behavior which appears to last for up to six days.
Most, but not all, social interactions are involved with some aspect of courtship.
Behavior:There are number of behaviors that have been described when tortoises come into contact with other tortoises such as head bobbing, female mounting behaviors, male fixation behavior, trailing, mounting, and biting behaviors. Head bobbing is described as extending the neck and moving the head up and down. Female mounting behavior involves a female mounting another female; however the reasons and meaning is not known. Male fixation behavior involves the male tortoise extending its neck and staring at the female. Trailing behavior involves a male following a female as part of courtship. Mounting behavior often followed by trailing involves a male mounting an accepting female. Lastly, biting behavior has been observed when a female doesn't slow for a male to mount or when the female decides to move as the male is mounting her. An explanation as to whether this is part of courtship is unknown.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The Burmese brown mountain tortoise is the fourth largest tortoise in the world.
Geographic:Assam
Myanmar
Thailand
Malay Peninsula
Sumatra
Borneo
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Burmese black mountain tortoise
herptile
Burmese brown mountain tortoise
Asian foreset tortoise
turtle
tortoise
reptile
Testudinidae
Turtles
Reptiles
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata