Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53575

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Family:Felidae
Genus:Panthera
Genus species:Panthera tigris

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:2.2-3.1 m
Height:91 cm
Weight:100-260 kg
Identification:The exact physical characteristics of the tiger varies by subspecies. Most, however, have a reddish-orange to light orange coat; but some may be white. All species have black stripes.
Habitat:Several forest types, mangrove swamps
Diet:Carnivore: large hoofed mammals such as sambar, chital, swamp deer, red deer, Rusa deer, and wild pigs
Reproduction:The exact time of breeding depends on a tiger's location. Some subspecies mate throughout the entire year. Gestation lasts 103 days, and most females have three or four cubs. The cubs leave the den when they are eight weeks old and become independent from their mother at 18 months.
Tigers are usually solitary, pairing up only for mating.
Behavior:Males establish very large territories (up to 100 square km) that encompass 3-4 smaller female territories. Tigers hunt their prey by ambushing the animal.
Status:Endangered: habitat destruction, poaching
Interesting Facts:Man-eating tigers are rare, and are usually very old or disabled individuals. They are the largest living species of cat.

Other Information

Geographic:Southeastern Asia Date:1987-06 Subjects:cat
feline
Tiger
Tigers
Panthera
Felidae
Carnivora
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Predatory animals