Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/53571

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Proboscidea
Family:Elephantidae
Genus:Elephas
Genus species:Elephas maximus bengalensis

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:550-640 cm
Height:250-300 cm
Identification:Asian elephants have thick skin and three hind foot nails. Females, unlike males, do not have tusks.
Habitat:Grasslands, forests
Diet:Herbivore: vegetation
Reproduction:A single calf is born after gestation period of 18-22 months. Asian elephants can live for as long as 70 years.
Cows form herds of 20 or more female relatives. The oldest female is the matriarch and leads the herd. Males travel alone or in temporary groups.
Behavior:There is usually only one dominant male that mates with all of the females.
Status:Endangered: poaching
Interesting Facts:Asian elephants have much smaller ears than African elephants. It is estimated that there are 28,000 to 48,000 Asian elephants left in the wild.

Other Information

Geographic:Southern Asia Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Asian elephant
primitive ungulate
Asiatic elephant
Elephas
Elephants
Proboscidea
Afrotherians
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata