Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52644

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Genus:Bison
Genus species:Bison bison

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:2.1-3.5 m
Height:152-182 cm
Weight:545-818 kg
Identification:The American bison has a brown coat with longer hair on its head, shoulders, and forelegs.
Habitat:Grasslands, forests
Diet:Herbivore: grasses, sedges
Reproduction:With a breeding season from July to October and a gestation period of nine months, females give birth to a single calf in the spring away from the herd. Two hours later, the new mother and her offspring rejoin the others. Calves are weaned at one year of age and will remain with their mothers until they reach sexual maturity at three years.
Bison live in family groups with 11-20 members. Some males may form bachelor groups.
Behavior:Male bison display their dominance by fighting other males during the breeding season. Their encounters are usually very violent and can result in the loss of massive amounts of hair, severe injuries, or even death.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:The American bison was nearly eradicated in the early 1900s but is now thriving in national parks.

Other Information

Geographic:North America Date:1958-1988 Subjects:even-toed ungulate
American bison
American buffalo
Bison
Bovidae
Artriodactyla
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Ruminants
Ungulates