Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52635

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Cervidae
Genus:Rangifer
Genus species:Rangifer tarandus

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:1.2-2.2 m
Height:107-127 cm
Weight:91-272 kg
Identification:The caribou is brown in the summer and gray in the winter. It has a white rump and tail, and no naked patch on the muzzle. Both sexes have antlers.
Habitat:Tundra, woodlands
Diet:Herbivore: grass, lichens
Reproduction:A single calf is born after a gestation period of 240 days.
Females gather in herds with their young. Male caribou remain solitary.
Behavior:Some populations migrate hundreds of miles in the winter and spring.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:Caribou are the only deer species in which both males and females have antlers and do not have a naked muzzle patch. Males shed their antlers from November to April.

Other Information

Geographic:Northern Europe
Asia
Northern North America
Date:1958-1988 Subjects:Caribou
even-toed ungulate
Reindeer
Cervidae
Ruminants
Artiodactyla
Ungulates
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata