Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52570

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Family:Felidae
Genus:Panthera
Genus species:Panthera leo

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:Male: 172-250 cm, Female: 158-192 cm
Height:100-128 cm
Weight:Male: 150-260 kg, Female: 122-182 kg
Identification:The coat of the African lion varies from white to yellowish brown. A tawny-yellow is most common. Males are easily identifiable by their large manes.
Habitat:Varies widely
Diet:Carnivore: large and small mammals
Reproduction:A pride's females usually come into heat all at the same time. Litters of 2-6 cubs are produced after a gestation period of 100 days. The cubs accompany the adults as they move by two months of age, are weaned by eight months, and are independent when they are 18 months old. Females within a pride will commonly suckle each other's young.
African lions live in groups, called prides, that usually contain five females, two males, and their offspring. Some prides can grow as large as 28 adult lions. Females form very strong bonds with one another while males are more transitory, remaining with the pride for only 3-4 years.
Behavior:Hunting is done using skilled stalking, usually by the females of a pride. Roaring is used to advertise the position and status of an African lion and/or its pride.
Status:No special status
Interesting Facts:On a still night, an African lion's roar can be heard from 8 km away.

Other Information

Geographic:Central Africa
Southern Africa
Date:1971-11 Subjects:African lion
feline
cat
Lions
Panthera
Felidae
Carnivora
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Predatory animals