Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52413

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Gruidae
Genus:Balearica
Genus species:Balearica pavonina

Animal Characteristics

Height:110-130 cm
Weight:3-4 kg
Identification:The black-crowned crane has long legs and neck, a straight bill, a bare pink or red cheek patch, and a golden feathery crown on its head.
Habitat:Open marshlands, grasslands, swamps, wet plains or prairies
Diet:Herbivore: grass, seeds
Reproduction:The female lays 2-4 eggs every breeding season, which are incubated for 28-36 days. Both parents help care for the hatchlings. Cranes can live up to 25 years in captivity.
Most cranes are highly gregarious. They migrate in large flocks and are usually found in pairs or small family parties.
Behavior:Unlike other crane species, the black-crowned crane can roost in trees. Mating pairs perform courtship dances throughout the year (not just during the breeding season).
Status:Threatened: habitat loss, poisoning, illegal capture for zoos and private menageries
Interesting Facts:With their slow rate of reproduction, cranes are among the longest-lived birds, with 50 years not being unusual. This particular crane species most closely resembles crane ancestors.

Other Information

Geographic:Sub-Saharan Africa Date:1981-08 Subjects:Black-crowned crane
long-legged wading bird
Grus
Cranes (Birds)
Gruiformes
Birds
Vertebrates
Chordata