Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52387

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Bovidae
Genus:Damaliscus
Genus species:Damaliscus lunatus

Animal Characteristics

Head-Body Length:150-205 cm
Height:100-130 cm
Weight:75-160 kg
Identification:The topi is tan to deep red-brown and has a very glossy coat. The shoulders and rump are black, undersides and shoulder hump are tan, and there is a black tuft at the tip of the tail. It has a black face, and both sexes have horns.
Habitat:Savannas, flood plains, semi deserts
Diet:Herbivore: grasses
Reproduction:The time of breeding varies among populations. Birthing usually occurs from July to December. Females give birth to a single calf after a 7.5-8 month gestation period. The calf is weaned at four months of age. Topi can live to be 15 years old.
Adult males are solitary or may loosely associate with a herd of 8-20 females with their young. Bachelor herds may also form. Topi form large migratory herds of several thousand animals. The organization of these groups varies by location and season.
Behavior:Herds have 'sentries' that stand on termite mounds, warning the others of any danger. Males are territorial, especially during the breeding season. Topi are most active during the morning and evening hours.
Status:Threatened
Interesting Facts:Lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, and hunting dogs all hunt the topi for food. Females can stall their labor if threatened.

Other Information

Geographic:Sub-Saharan Africa Date:1980-09 Subjects:Tsessebe
even-toed ungulate
Topi
Damaliscus
Bovidae
Artriodactyla
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Ruminants
Ungulates