Bookmarkable URL:http://hdl.handle.net/10217/52216

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Family:Hippopotamidae
Genus:Hippopotamus
Genus species:Hippopotamus amphibius

Animal Characteristics

Height:139-160 cm
Weight:1136-2636 kg
Identification:The skin color of the hippopotamus varies from blue-gray to brown.
Habitat:Large river and lake areas
Diet:Herbivore: grasses, aquatic plants
Reproduction:Hippos breed throughout the year. Gestation is 210-255 days long, with a single calf being born afterwards. In captivity, hippos can live 35-50 years.
Groups of 5-30 individuals often form, each controlled by one male.
Behavior:Hippos feed at night, eating up to 59 kg of food each night. They often get through the water by walking along the river bottom.
Status:Vulnerable
Interesting Facts:Hippo skin can be up to 5 cm thick in some areas and weighs 1/2 ton in total. They can remain underwater for six minutes at a time. Their skin secretes a red lubricating fluid that looks like blood. Hippo tusks can be as long as 6 m.

Other Information

Geographic:Eastern Africa
Southern Africa
Date:1978-12 Subjects:Hippopotamus
even-toed ungulate
Hippopotamus (Genus)
Hippopotamidae
Artiodactyla
Mammals
Vertebrates
Chordata
Ruminants
Ungulates