Guide to the Records of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc.

Prepared by Vanessa Baca and Patricia J. Rettig
Colorado State University Water Resources Archive
A joint effort of the University Libraries and the Colorado Water Institute
Copyright 2010 Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
Finding aid encoded in EAD Version 2002 by Patricia J. Rettig, 2010.
Creator: Xeriscape Colorado, Inc.
Title: Records of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc.
Dates: 1975-2006
Bulk Dates: 1986-1995
Quantity: 6.25 linear feet
Identification: WXCO
Abstract: Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. (formerly Xeriscape Task Force and Front Range Xeriscape) was a non-profit organization that promoted water-conserving landscapes and educated the public about the same. Documenting the work of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc., this collection contains agendas, minutes, notes, reports, and correspondence. Also included are publications, newspaper clippings, calendars, newsletters, brochures, a few artifacts, and miscellaneous media.
Contact Information: Water Resources Archive
Archives and Special Collections
Morgan Library
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1019 USA
Phone: 970-491-1844
Fax: 970-491-1195
Email: library_dl_specialcollections@mail.colostate.edu
URL: https://lib.colostate.edu/water
Restrictions on Access
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Restrictions on Use
Not all of the material in the collection is in the public domain. Researchers are responsible for addressing copyright issues.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Colorado State University Libraries online catalog. Researchers seeking materials about related subjects, persons, organizations, or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Subjects:
  • Xeriscaping.
  • Water conservation.
  • Landscape gardening.
  • Drought-tolerant plants.
  • Municipal water supply.
Organizations:
  • Denver (Colo.). Water Dept.
Special Document Types:
  • Artifacts.
Xeriscape Colorado, Inc., was a non-profit organization that promoted water-efficient landscapes and educated people on how to create the type of landscape which could reduce the amount of water, resources, and maintenance needed.
The first organization to define this type of landscaping, Xeriscape Colorado, Inc., had its origins in Denver, Colorado, in 1981 as the Xeriscape Task Force. During the 1980s, it became a partner of Denver Water and was also known for a short time, starting in 1986, as Front Range Xeriscape before its final name change in 1989 to Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. In 2000, Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. merged with another non-profit, Metro Water Conservation, Inc., to form Colorado WaterWise, which is a current leader in water conservation in Colorado. Now a program with Colorado WaterWise, it is simply known as Xeriscape Colorado.
Xeriscape Colorado, Inc., was the original idea of the Associated Landscape Contractors of Colorado President Jim Grabow, who asked for the assistance of Denver Water to co-sponsor a new program that would focus on public education and landscape water conservation. The first project was creating a demonstration garden that would exhibit how to conserve water and still have a stunning landscape. In 1981, Nancy Leavitt of the Denver Water Board coined the term "xeriscape," combining the Greek word "xeros," meaning dry, with the word "landscape." Another staff member, Bob Fletcher, created the xeriscape logo. The Xeriscape Task Force, as it was then known, adopted the new term "xeriscape" and its seven fundamentals: planning and design, soil improvement, reducing turf, mulching, efficient irrigation, low-water use plants, and regular maintenance. On May 8, 1982, during the "Water for Americans" week and at the "X-rated Garden Party," the first xeriscape demonstration garden and education program were dedicated to the citizens of Denver.
From the beginning, there has been strong media interest in the xeriscape concept. Since its inception, it has grown into a multi-state movement and soon created a need for a national organization. The National Xeriscape Council, Inc. was formed as a non-profit organization in 1986 but was discontinued in 1993.
The Records of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. consists of documents dated from 1975 to 2006, with the bulk being from the late 1980s through the mid-1990s. The collection documents the origin and spread of the innovative water-conserving methods of xeriscape, with most of the collection's contents documenting the xeriscape efforts in Denver, Colorado, where the concept started. The collection focuses on the efforts of Xeriscape Colorado and related organizations to promote xeriscape landscaping and to educate the public on the water-saving techniques of xeriscape through programs, seminars, conferences, demonstration gardens, brochures, newsletters, plant guides and lists, and landscaping plans. The collection includes agendas, minutes, notes, reports, and correspondence. Also included are publications, newspaper clippings, calendars, newsletters, brochures, a few artifacts, and miscellaneous media. Newsletters and minutes from the beginning of the organization are more complete than later dates.
The collection had no apparent organization scheme when received, so the series order was imposed during processing.
The collection consists of five series in 11 boxes:
Preferred Citation

Records of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc., Water Resources Archive, Colorado State University.

Custodial History

The collection was briefly held by the Denver Botanic Gardens from 1990 until it was transferred to Denver Water in 2003.

Acquisition

The Records of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. was donated to the Water Resources Archive at the Colorado State University Libraries by Scott Winter and the Colorado WaterWise Council on November 6, 2009.

Processing

Processing was completed in September 2010 and included removal of paper clips, binder clips, and staples. No more than two copies of a document were retained. Newspaper clippings were interleaved with acid-free paper, the photograph was put in a protective sleeve, and the artifacts were packed with archival foam. The entire collection was rehoused in acid-free folders and boxes. Printed materials accompanying a newsletter were removed and filed separately within the same series. Correspondence, agendas, and minutes may contain collateral materials.

Online Materials

Some materials have been scanned and are available through the Colorado State University Libraries website. In the electronic version of this document, direct links appear in context.

Note: Estimated pagination is preceded by an "e." Two identical copies of the same item are indicated by the phrase "2 copies" at the end of the entry, following the number of pages of each copy.

Series 1: Administrative files, 1981-2001 and undated (1.25 linear feet)

This series consists of materials generated by Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. and other related organizations reflecting their development and promotion of the xeriscape landscaping concept. Common methods of xeriscape education included seminars, conferences, publications, and demonstration gardens. The series is divided into two subseries.
Box Folder
Subseries 1.1: Xeriscape Colorado, Inc.. 1984-2001 and undated.
This subseries documents the organization's involvement in the production of educational materials and events including brochures, newsletters, seminars, and demonstration gardens that were used to promote the concept of xeriscape to the citizens of Colorado, specifically Denver and its surrounding cities. Also included are landscaping concepts using xeriscape fundamentals and member lists. This subseries contains agendas, minutes, proposals, program descriptions, financial information, and other papers created by Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
1 1 Agendas and minutes 1984. 1984. 6pp. VIEW
1 2 Agendas and minutes 1985. 1985. 4pp. VIEW
1 3 Agendas and minutes 1986. 1986. e100pp. VIEW
1 4 Agendas and minutes 1987. 1987. e100pp. VIEW
1 5 Agendas and minutes 1988. 1988. e50pp. VIEW
1 6 Agendas and minutes 1989. 1989. e100pp. VIEW
1 7 Agendas and minutes 1990. 1990. 21pp. VIEW
1 8 Agendas and minutes 1991. 1991. e100pp. VIEW
1 9 Agendas and minutes 1992. 1992. 31pp. VIEW
1 10 Agendas and minutes 2001. 2001. 1p. VIEW
1 11 Application for recognition of IRC 501 (c)(3) status. 1994. e150pp.
1 12 Archives at Denver Botanic Gardens. 1991. 10pp.
1 13 Articles of incorporation. 1990-1991. e50pp.
Includes name change documents
2 1 Bylaws and constitution. undated. e100pp. VIEW
Includes some correspondence
2 2 Conservation program development plan for xeriscape. 1989. 5pp. VIEW
2 3 Contacts and members. 1985-1990, 1999, undated. e200pp.
2 4 Copyright registration. 1993. 8pp.
2 5 Declaration of cooperation between Xeriscape Colorado! and MWCI, Inc. 1989 May. 5pp.
2 6 Executive director position description and agreement. undated. 24pp.
2 7 General information. undated. 14pp.
2 8 Goals committee 1987. 1987-1988, undated. e50pp. VIEW
2 9 Landscaping - guides and plans. 1986-1987, undated. e200pp. VIEW
2 10 Logos and stationary. undated. 7pp.
2 11 Long range plan. 1991. e50pp. VIEW
2 12 Miscellaneous. 1986-1989, undated. 12pp.
2 13 Miscellaneous - financial. 1989, 1991, undated. 16pp.
2 14 Miscellaneous - landscaping. 1984, 1986, undated. 20pp.
2 15 Miscellaneous - notes. 1986, 1989, 2000, undated. e50pp.
2 16 Nursery surveys. 1984-1987. e50pp.
2 17 Programs - Xeriscape plant identification program. 1986-1987. e100pp. VIEW
Includes program proposal
2 18 Proposals - Development Associates of Colorado. 1991. 18pp.
2 19 Proposals - Plant Source Directory. undated. 8pp.
2 20 Proposals - The Water Conservation Foundation. 1991. 9pp.
2 21 Proposals - Xeriscape conference co-sponsorship. 1987. 2pp.
Subseries 1.2: Other organizations. 1981-2001 and undated.
This subseries documents the work of water and other organizations closely associated with Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. and their involvement in educational xeriscape programs. Included in the subseries are minutes, programs, and other papers, including landscape designs. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
3 1 Denver Botanic Gardens. undated. 22pp.
3 2 Denver landscape design and maintenance guidelines. undated. e50pp.
Disk with file is in Series 4, Xeriscape archives
3 3 Denver Water Department. 1984, 1993, undated. 4pp.
3 4 GreenCo. undated. 4pp.
3 5 Metro Water Conservation, Inc. 1987-1992, 2000-2001, undated. e100pp.
3 6 Miscellaneous. 1981-1990, undated. 7pp.
3 7 Miscellaneous - agenda and minutes. 1987, 1989. 11pp.
3 8 National Xeriscape Council, Inc. 1985, 1991, undated. e50pp. VIEW
3 9 Programs - Plant Endorsement and Introduction Program. 1988, undated. 19pp.
3 10 Programs - Satellite Shop Xeriscape. undated. 4pp.
3 11 Programs - Weekend Garden Party. 1983 August. 13pp.
3 12 Water conservation and urban plan. 1998, 2001, undated. 8pp.


Series 2: Correspondence, 1984-2005 and undated (0.5 linear feet)

This series contains correspondence of Xeriscape Colorado, Inc. and associated organizations. Subjects include legal matters, educational programs, and discussion of printed materials to promote the use of xeriscape. Collateral material such as minutes, agendas, clippings, and newsletters can be found with related correspondence. Correspondence was divided either by organization or by topic if there was a substantial amount of correspondence on a given subject. The series is arranged alphabetically by organization or topic.
Box Folder
3 13 501 (c)(3) status. 1991-1994. 17pp.
3 14 Archives at Denver Botanic Gardens. 1990, undated. e50pp.
3 15 Bylaws and constitution. 1991, 1993. e50pp.
3 16 Colorado WaterWise Council. 2004. 1p.
3 17 Denver airport landscape. 1989. 5pp.
See also Series 3, Clippings - newspapers and Clippings - newspapers - photocopies for related articles
3 18 Denver Botanic Gardens. 1992-1994, undated. e50pp.
3 19 Denver Water and Merriam-Webster, Inc. 1992-1993. 5pp.
3 20 Denver Water Department. 1984-1994, 2003-2005, undated. e150pp.
3 21 Development Associates of Colorado. 1991. e50pp.
3 22 Front Range Xeriscape Task Force. 1986-1988, undated. e50pp. VIEW
4 1 Landscaping. 1987. 28pp.
4 2 Metro Water Conservation, Inc. 1987-1991, 1999, 2001, undated. e50pp. VIEW
4 3 Miscellaneous. 1986-1993, undated. e50pp.
Disk with "Executive order No. 93" file is in Series 4, Xeriscape archives
4 4 National Xeriscape Council, Inc. 1986-1993. 42pp. VIEW
4 5 Programs - Plant Endorsement and Introduction Program. 1988. 12pp.
4 6 Programs - Xeriscape Plant Introduction Program. 1986-1987. e50pp.
4 7 Source directory. 1986-1988, undated. e50pp.
4 8 Surveys. 1985, 1990. 14pp. VIEW
4 9 Tax exemption. 1994. 7pp.
4 10 Thornton xeriscape seminar series. 1992-1993, undated. 6pp.
4 11 Xeriscape Colorado!. 1988-1992, undated. e150pp. VIEW
4 12 Xeriscape Colorado! newsletter. 1989, undated. 16pp.
4 13 Xeriscape Task Force. 1985. 2pp.


Series 3: Printed materials, 1975-2006 and undated (3 linear feet)

Most materials in this series focus on educating the public about xeriscape and how to use effective landscaping at both the home and corporate level. Clippings document work done to promote xeriscape or where effective landscape had been implemented. Most material relates to xeriscape landscaping within Colorado, but other states are also represented. The series contains publications, reports, brochures, flyers, magazine articles, newspaper clippings, calendars, presentation notes, and other miscellaneous printed materials relating to xeriscape work across the United States. The series is divided into categories (i.e., "Brochures, flyers, etc.") which are arranged alphabetically. Publications that did not fall into a category are filed alphabetically with the categories.
Box Folder
4 14 "Bibliographic series, current titles listing no. 10". 1994 April. 20pp.
Brochures, flyers, etc.
4 15 Arizona. 1987, undated. 23pp.
4 16 Awards and contests. 1985-1986, 1993-1994, undated. 11pp.
4 17 California. 1985, undated. 3pp.
4 18 Colorado. 1980, 1987-1993, undated. e100pp.
4 19 Colorado Nurseryman Association. 1986, 1989. 3 items
4 20 Colorado Waterwise Council. 2000. 3pp.
5 1 Conferences and seminars. 1987-1994, undated. e100pp.
5 2 Denver Botanic Gardens. 1987, 1995, undated. 4 items
5 3 Denver Water Department. 1982-1993, undated. 32 items
5 4 EPA Earthday 1990. 1990. 2 items. 2 copies
5 5 Florida. undated. 4 items
5 6 Georgia. undated. 1 item
5 7 Ideas for Plant Lovers. 1987-1988. e50pp.
5 8 Kansas. 1991, undated. 9 items
5 9 Landscaping. 1985-1990, undated. e150pp.
5 10 Metro Water Conservation, Inc. 1994, undated. 4 items
5 11 National Xeriscape Council, Inc. 1986, 1988. 4 items
5 12 Nebraska. undated. 1 item
5 13 Nevada. undated. 1p.
5 14 New Mexico. 1987, undated. 2 items
5 15 New York. undated. 1 item
5 16 South Carolina. 1991. 1 item
5 17 Texas. 1985-1989, undated. e50pp.
5 18 Utah. 1986. 1 item
5 19 Virginia. undated. 1 item
5 20 Xeriscape Colorado!. 1984-1991, 2001, undated. e125pp.
Calendars.
9 1 1986 Denver Water Department water conservation calendar. 1986. 1 calendar, 2 copies
9 2 1989 Denver Water Department creating water-efficient landscapes. 1989. 1 calendar
9 3 1989 Perennials for all seasons. 1989. 1 calendar
9 4 1990 Denver Water Department conservation calendar. 1990. 1 calendar, 2 copies
9 5 1991 Denver Water Department calendar of edible xeriscape. 1991. 1 calendar
9 6 1992 Denver Water calendar. 1992. 1 calendar, 2 copies
11 1 2006 Notable trees of Colorado. 2006. 1 calendar
6 1 Clippings - Magazines, journals. 1981-1995, undated. e100pp.
6 2 Clippings - Newspapers. 1984-1995, undated. e50pp.
6 3 Clippings - Newspapers - photocopies. 1984-1989, undated. e50pp.
6 4 "Colorado Green". 1998. e100pp.
Article: Mahnke, Lise. "Why do people hate Xeriscape?" Fall 1998. Winter 1998 issue focuses on Xeriscape
6 5 Excerpts from "The Desert Year". undated. 2pp.
6 6 Flowering herbaceous perennials for the high plains. CSU Dept. of Horticulture. 1989 November. e50pp.
6 7 "Home builder". 1993. e50pp.
Articles: Call, Cris. "The Xeriscape Approach to Landscape" and Stephens, Tom. "Design It and They Will Come!"
6 8 "Home energy". 1994. 48pp.
Article: Iwata, Lisa. "Xeriscape: Winning the Turf War Over Water"
6 9 "Home resource". 1987. 70pp.
Article: Knopf, Jim. "8 Shrubs for Sensible, Semi-Arid Landscaping"
6 10 Homescaping: how to make a new landscape or renovate an old one. CSU Cooperative Extension Service, Bulletin 484A. c. 1975. 18pp.
6 11 Landscaping for water conservation in a semiarid environment. 1980. e200pp. 2 copies
6 12 Landscaping for water conservation: xeriscape!. 1989. e200pp. 2 copies
6 13 "Low water use ground covers, vines and ornamental grasses". undated. 6pp.
6 14 "Low water use trees and shrubs". undated. 6pp.
6 15 Map - USDA plant hardiness zone map. 1990. 1 map
7 1 MWCI monograph series - no. 1: Leak detection and water conservation. 1986 September. 29pp.
7 2 MWCI monograph series - no. 2: Xeriscape water conservation through creative landscaping. 1987 May. e100pp. 2 copies
7 3 MWCI monograph series - no. 3: Residential retrofit and water conservation. 1988 December. e50pp.
7 4 MWCI monograph series - no. 4: Utility-sponsored education programs and water conservation. 1989 December. e100pp. 2 copies; one is a photocopy
7 5 MWCI monograph series - no. 6: Setting up a residential water use evaluation program. 1993 June. e50pp.
Newsletters.
7 6 Miscellaneous. 1984-1995, undated. e100pp.
7 7 National Xeriscape News. 1987-1991. e50pp.
7 8 Plant Focus. 1987-1993. 15pp.
7 9 Service in Action (CSU Cooperative Extension). undated. e100pp.
7 10 Service in Action - drafts. undated. e50pp.
7 11-12 WaterWise (vol. 1, no. 1 - vol. 3, no. 5; some issues missing). 1994-1997. e250pp.
7 13 Xeriscape Colorado!. 1989-1993. e100pp.
8 1 "Plant materials for use on surface-mined lands in arid and semiarid regions". undated. 11pp.
8 2 Reports - Colorado State University cooperative extension. 1992, undated. 28pp.
8 3 "Rocky mountain construction". 1994. e50pp.
Article: "Xeriscaping I-25 through Denver"
8 4 "Rocky mountain gardener". 1991. 12pp.
Article: Feucht, James. "Xeriscaping -Water Conservation Through Creative Landscaping"
8 5 Slide program scripts. 1984-1986. e75pp.
8 6 "Source directory for un-thirsty plants". 1987. e100pp.
8 7 "Source directory for un-thirsty plants" - drafts. 1987. 17pp.
8 8 "Water conservation through creative landscaping". 1982. 7pp.
8 9 Xeriscape bibliography. 1996-1997. 14pp.
8 10 Xeriscape Colorado 98: how to drive xeriscape home. 1998?. 8pp.
8 11 "Xeriscape - the future today!". 1984. e150pp.
8 12 "Xeriscape: water conservation through creative landscaping". 1987. 13pp.


Series 4: Media, 1987-2003 and undated (0.25 linear feet)

This series includes materials that show the before and after of having a xeriscape landscape as well as xeriscape graphics for presentation and/or printed materials. The series contains computer disks, CDs, one VHS tape, and one photograph and is arranged alphabetically by title.
Box Folder
8 13 Rocky mountain region workshop. 1987. 1 photograph
8 14 Old Manifest. undated. 1 5.25" disk
8 15 Turf type buffalograss seminar. 1992. 1 VHS tape
8 16 Xeriscape archives. 1993-1994. 1 3.5" disk
Printed copies of documents filed in Series 1, Subseries 1.2, Denver landscape design and maintenance guidelines; and Series 2, Miscellaneous
8 17 Xeriscape Colorado. 2000. 1 CD
Contains graphics for printed materials, presentation
8 18 Xeriscape remodel. 2003. 1 CD and 6pp.


Series 5: Artifacts, 1989 and undated (1.25 linear feet)

This series contains several copies of an award of merit plaque given to Xeriscape Colorado by the American Society of Landscape Architects, as well as a rain gauge.
Box Folder
10-11 Award of merit. 1989. 3 plaques
11 Rain gauge. undated.
Instructions are in Series 3, Denver Water Department