Guide to the Federal Land Bank of Wichita Collection

Prepared by Barbara S. Smith and Patricia J. Rettig
Colorado State University Water Resources Archive
A joint effort of the University Libraries and the Colorado Water Institute
Copyright 2013 Colorado State University. All rights reserved.
Finding aid encoded in EAD Version 2002 by Barbara S. Smith, 2013.
Creator: Federal Land Bank of Wichita
Title: Federal Land Bank of Wichita Collection
Dates: 1907-1989
Bulk Dates: 1942-1980
Quantity: 4 linear feet
Identification: WFLB
Abstract: The Federal Land Bank of Wichita was created, along with twelve other banks, by the United States government to provide long-term credit to farmers by the Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916 in response to the unique credit needs of farmers. The collection contains reports and maps relating to ditches, streams, and underground water in Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, and Nebraska, as well as similar reports from the Land Bank of Berkeley regarding Utah and Wyoming.
Contact Information: Water Resources Archive
Archives and Special Collections
Morgan Library
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1019 USA
Phone: 970-491-1844
Fax: 970-491-1195
Email: Archives and Special Collections
URL: https://lib.colostate.edu/archives/water/
Restrictions on Access
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Restrictions on Use
Not all of the material in the collection is in the public domain. Researchers are responsible for addressing copyright issues.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Colorado State University Libraries online catalog. Researchers seeking materials about related subjects, persons, organizations, or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Subjects:
  • Federal land banks.
  • Agricultural credit.
  • Irrigation farming.
  • Irrigation.
  • Groundwater.
Organizations:
  • Federal Land Bank of Wichita.
  • Federal Land Bank of Berkeley.
Places:
  • Colorado.
  • New Mexico.
  • Utah.
  • Wyoming.
  • Kansas.
  • Nebraska.
The Federal Land Bank of Wichita was created, along with twelve other banks, by the United States government to provide long-term credit to farmers by the Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916 in response to the unique credit needs of farmers. In 1912 and 1913, presidents William Howard Taft and Woodrow Wilson had sent commissions of ambassadors to Europe to study cooperative land-mortgage banks, rural credit unions, and other institutions that promoted agriculture and rural development. The Wilson commission recommended a system of agricultural banks to provide both long-term, or land-mortgage credit, and short-term credit to meet recurring needs. Congress responded with the Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916. The Farm Credit Administration (FCA) was independent until 1939, when it became part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), but became an independent agency again under the Farm Credit Act of 1953.
Before Congress authorized a system of longer-term loans for farmers, the lack of suitable credit forced many thousands of farmers to abandon their livelihood and its way of life. The credit extended to farmers by the Land Bank of Wichita was sometimes used for ditch and irrigation projects, among others, throughout Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico.
The modern FCA derives its authority from the Farm Credit Act of 1971. The Farm Credit Amendments Act of 1985 restructured the FCA to give it increased oversight, regulatory, and enforcement powers similar to those of other federal financial regulatory institutions.
As a result of the severe financial crisis in the early- and mid-1980s, the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 was passed and authorized up to $4 billion in federal assistance to troubled institutions; the Federal Land Banks were merged with Federal Intermediate Credit Banks and collectively formed Farm Credit Banks (FCB). Among a variety of other benefits, this protected the full value of stock and established an insurance mechanism for repayment of funds borrowed by the Farm Credit System (FCS).
The Farm Credit System, like the earlier Federal Land Banks, lends to agricultural producers, rural homeowners, farm-related businesses, and agricultural, aquatic, and public utility cooperatives. The FCS is a nationwide network of borrower-owned lending institutions and specialized service organizations that provide credit and related services to farmers, ranchers, agricultural cooperatives, and other eligible borrowers.
Today, the FCS is structured into four Federal Credit Banks that disburse short-, intermediate-, and long-term loans. This structure enables an integrated, full-service lending business. Wichita FLB was merged into the Farm Credit Bank of Wichita, and later renamed U.S. AgBank, FCB in 2003. On January 1, 2012 U.S. AgBank, FCB was merged into CoBank, ACB and is now located in Fresno, California.
The Federal Land Bank of Wichita Collection consists of photocopies of documents dated 1907 to 1989, with the bulk falling from 1942 to 1980. The collection contains handbooks used by the Land Bank and its employees, as well as a variety of reports and maps relating to ditches, streams, and underground water in Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, and Nebraska, as well as similar reports from the Land Bank of Berkeley regarding Utah and Wyoming. The bulk of the documents in this collection are engineering reports and appraisals about the land, its use, water availability, and the debt and payment history of the organization asking for the loan.
The collection arrived loosely organized by state. Those were kept as categories, organized alphabetically, and therein organized chronologically. Handbooks were put into their own series.
The collection consists of 2 series in 8 boxes:
Preferred Citation

Federal Land Bank of Wichita Collection, Water Resources Archive, Colorado State University.

Acquisition

The Federal Land Bank of Wichita Collection was acquired by the Water Resources Archive on April 6, 2012. The collection was donated by the Sociology Water Lab at Colorado State University.

Processing

Processing was completed in November 2012. Some of the cardboard folders were removed. Paper clips were removed and replaced with plastic clips as necessary. Rubber bands and self-stick notes were removed. All files were put into acid-free folders and boxes. One document marked confidential, nearly a duplicate of an unmarked one, was removed.

Related Collections

The Water Resources Archive also holds the Local Water Resources History Collection, which has similar reports from the Land Bank of Wichita relating specifically to the High Line Canal Company. In relation to the groundwater maps and reports, the Archive holds the Groundwater Data Collection.

Online Materials

Some reports have been scanned and are available through the Colorado State University Libraries website. In the electronic version of this document, direct links appear in context.

Note: Title information supplied by the archivist is bracketed. Estimated pagination is preceded by an "e." Two identical copies of the same item are indicated by the phrase "2 copies" at the end of the entry, following the number of pages of each copy.

Series 1: Handbooks, 1974-1975 (0.25 linear feet)

This series consists of three handbooks produced by the Federal Land Bank. The Engineering Handbook gives the engineer information about water law in states in which the Federal Land Bank of Wichita lends. It also provides information about the requirements of an engineer's job, including relevant considerations. The Appraiser's Handbook's purpose is to set "forth the policies of the Farm Credit Administration and procedures to be followed by appraisers throughout the United States." It is intended as a guide to assisting in estimating building costs and values and returns. The Irrigation Handbook is similar to the Appraiser's Handbook but it is to be used "where appraisals involve irrigated properties and the income or cost approaches are used as a basis of valuation." The series is organized chronologically.
Box Folder
1 1 Engineering handbook. 1974. e75pp. including folded documents VIEW
1 2 Appraisers handbook. 1975. e40pp. VIEW
1 3 Irrigation handbook. 1975. e40pp. VIEW


Series 2: Reports, 1907-1989 (3.75 linear feet)

This series consists of engineering reports, groundwater reports, and data related to irrigation, ditches, and other water-related projects. It is subdivided into state categories organized alphabetically; within each category files are organized chronologically. During processing, the archivist used each report's original creation date to determine chronological order, though most reports were updated through the 1970s and 1980s. The reports focus on potential lending areas including water districts, irrigation districts, and canal companies. They include financial information including debt history and repayment history, information about the type of crops grown on the land and their respective yields when applicable, as well as whether the area has telephone service, electricity, good roads, maintenance and other physical conditions. The purpose of the reports is to determine whether or not the bank finds the cooperative a good candidate for long-term loans and to convey the engineer's recommendations.
Box Folder
Colorado.
1 4 Summary of data on Granada drainage district. 1942. 41pp. VIEW
1 5 Engineering report on water district no. 67, Prowers County and parts of Bent, Kiowa, Cheyenne, Lincoln, Elbert, El Paso, Baca, and Las Animas counties - Colorado. 1943. e60pp. VIEW
1 6 Engineering report on water district no. 17, Otero and Crowley Counties and parts of Pueblo, Bent, El Paso, Lincoln, Kiowa, and Las Animas counties, Colorado. 1943. e50pp. VIEW
1 7 Engineering report on water district no. 14, parts of Pueblo, El Paso, Fremont counties, Colorado. 1943. e100pp. VIEW
1 8-9 Engineering report on water district no. 3 embracing the Cache la Poudre River Drainage basin; parts of Larimer and Weld counties, Colorado. Folders 1 and 2 of 3. 1944. e150pp. VIEW Folder 1 Folder 2
2 1 Engineering report on water district no. 3 embracing the Cache La Poudre River Drainage basin; parts of Larimer and Weld counties, Colorado. Folder 3 of 3. 1944. e75pp. VIEW
2 2 Engineering report on water district no. 62, Gunnison River drainage basin. 1946. e40pp. including folded maps VIEW
2 3 Engineering report water districts nos. 21 & 22, Conejos and Alamosa counties. 1947. e100pp. VIEW
2 4 Florida River [tributary of Las Animas]. 1954. e40pp. including folded maps VIEW
2 5 Engineering report water district no. 31, Pine River and tributaries. 1966. e75pp. including folded maps VIEW
2 6 Water districts nos. 60, 61, 63, and 69, Dolores River drainage area. 1967. 15pp. VIEW
2 7 Revisions to general engineering report water district 19. 1967. e40pp. VIEW
Water rights on the Purgatoire (Las Animas) River
3 1 Ditch company revisions water district 40 - Colorado. 1975. e50pp. VIEW
Revisions made of ditch systems on the North Fork Gunnison River and tributaries since 1962
3 2 Revisions water district 20, Rio Grande River and tributaries, San Luis Valley, Colorado. 1979. e30pp. VIEW
3 3 Water district no. 4, part of irrigation division no. 1, Big Thompson River drainage area. 1979. e150pp. VIEW
3 4 Engineering report former water district 42, now water districts 42, 72, 73 and 74. 1980. e40pp. including folded maps VIEW
Revisions of ditch systems in Mesa County
3 5 Engineering report water district 2, Part of South Platte River district. 1982. e100pp. VIEW
Kansas.
4 1 Gravity ditches Arkansas River Valley - Kansas. 1963, 1980. e60pp. including folded maps
Nebraska.
4 2 The North Platte River - Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska. 1941. e100pp.
New Mexico.
4 3 Adjudication of the Bonito River, Lincoln County, New Mexico. 1934. 46pp.
4 4 Report on irrigated farming in the Mimbres watershed of New Mexico. 1936. e100pp.
4 5 [Financial information and underground water basin data]. 1938-1975. e75pp. including folded maps
Includes Las Cruces, Rio Grande Valley, Dona Ana County, Luna County, Animas Valley, Mimbres Valley
4 6 The Maxwell Irrigation Company - Colfax county, New Mexico. 1944. 8pp.
4 7 Springer Ditch Company - Colfax county, New Mexico. 1944. 31pp.
4 8 Storrie Project Water Users Association - New Mexico. 1948. 13pp.
4 9 Appraisal standards study report - New Mexico Ranches. 1952. e40pp. including folded maps
5 1 Engineering Report Lea County Ground Water Basin - New Mexico. 1952. e50pp. including folded maps
5 2 Revised reports on Pecos River adjudication. 1963. 37pp.
5 3 Engineering report - Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, New Mexico. 1966. e60pp.
5 4 Federal Land Bank lending policy - Otero County, New Mexico. 1967. 17pp.
5 5 Appraisal and loan term policy - Arch Hurley Conservancy district, New Mexico. 1976. 41pp.
5 6 Engineering report - Elephant Butte Irrigation District. 1977. 22pp. including folded maps
5 7 Revision of report - Clovis pump area, New Mexico. 1979. e50pp. including folded maps
5 8 Revision of engineering report - Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, Chama Project - New Mexico. 1980. e75pp. including folded maps
5 9 Hagerman Irrigation Company, Chaves County - New Mexico. 1982. 6pp.
5 10 Engineering report Carlsbad Irrigation District - New Mexico. 1982. e100pp.
5 11 Engineering report, Fort Sumner Irrigation District, Debaca County - New Mexico. 1983. 17pp.
Utah.
6 1 USGS Underground water in Sanpete and Central Sevier Valleys, Utah. 1907. e40pp.
6 2 Uinta Basin summary report - Utah. 1918. e60pp.
6 3 Bear River water distribution company - Cache Valley, Utah. 1918-1926, 1980. e75pp.
6 4 Sevier River basin, Utah, review of supplemental report. 1919-1920. 26pp.
6 5 Engineering appraisal - Sevier River basin, Utah. 1919, 1926. e75pp.
6 6 Uinta basin - Utah. 1919-1936, 1980. e40pp.
6 7 Strawberry Water Users Association - Spanish Fork River, Utah. 1921, 1926, 1969. e100pp.
6 8 Huntington, Cleveland, Castledale, and Ferron Areas - Emery county, Utah. 1935-1936. e40pp. including folded maps
6 9 Piute Reservoir and Irrigation Company - Salina, Utah. 1937-1950. 16pp.
6 10 Cub River Irrigation Company - Lewiston area, Utah. 1938. 27pp.
7 1 Weber basin water conservancy district - Utah. 1966, 1971. 23pp. including folded maps
7 2 Engineering report - Uintah basin, Utah. 1972. e50pp.
7 3 Richfield Irrigation Canal Company et al. vs. Circleville Irrigation company et al. Decree. undated. 32pp.
7 4 Sevier river basin, East and South Fork report and recommendations - Utah. undated. e100pp.
Wyoming.
7 5 Report on Riverton area - Wyoming. 1937. e60pp.
7 6 Report on Wheatland Irrigation project - Platte County, Wyoming. 1937. e50pp.
7 7 Supplemental engineering reports covering: Midvale irrigation district, Riverton Valley irrigation district, LeClair Riverton irrigation district, Big Bend drainage district, Riverton Valley drainage district, Delfelder drainage district (supplemental report). 1945. e40pp.
7 8 Engineering supplemental reports covering: Bluff irrigation district, Hanover irrigation district, Lower Hanover canal association, Worland drainage district, Worland Bench drainage district, Colter drainage district (supplemental reports). 1945. e60pp.
8 1 Supplemental engineering reports covering: Bluff irrigation district, Hanover irrigation district, Lower Hanover canal association, Worland drainage district, Worland Bench drainage district, Colter drainage district. 1945. e150pp.
8 2 Midvale irrigation district (Riverton irrigation project) - Fremont county, Wyoming. 1949. 11pp.
8 3 Wheatland irrigation district - Platte County, Wyoming. 1949. 20pp.
8 4 Supplemental reports, the North Platte Project including Scotts Bluff, Sioux, and Morrill Counties, Nebraska; Goshen Irrigation district Goshen County, Wyoming; Gering and Fort Laramie irrigation district, Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska. 1954. 11pp.
8 5 Midvale irrigation district - Fremont county, Wyoming. 1956. 8pp.
8 6 Annual report of the state engineer - State of Wyoming. 1989. e60pp.